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Offline TechShristi

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« on: July 24, 2012, 09:55:56 PM »
 [size=0pt]  [/size]INCOME FROM HOUSE PROPERTY
[/color]Tax is on the annual value of the house property after allowing certain deductions. House Property consists of any building, flat, shop etc., and the land attached to the building.
Property Incomes Exempt From Tax

Some incomes from house property are exempt from tax. They are neither taxable nor included in the total income of the assessee for the rate purposes. These are:
ĺ Income from a farm house [section 2(1A) (c) and section 10(1)].
ĺ Annual value of one palace in the occupation of an ex-ruler [section
ĺ Property income of a local authority [section 10(20)].
ĺ Property income of an approved scientific research association [section
ĺ Property income of an educational institution and hospital [section
Property income of a registered trade union [section 10(24)].
Income from property held for charitable purposes [section 11].
Property income of a political party [section 13A].
Income from property used for own business or profession [section 22].
Annual value of one self occupied property [section 23(2)].[/color]Computation of income from Self Occupied property

Deduction of Municipal Taxes

From the annual value of the property municipal taxes are to be deducted if the following conditions are fulfilled:
The property is let out during the whole or any part of the previous year.
The Municipal taxes must be borne by the landlord.
(If the Municipal taxes or any part thereof are borne by the tenant, it will
not be allowed).
The Municipal taxes must be paid during the year.
(Where the municipal taxes become due but have not been actually paid, it will not be allowed. Similarly, the year to which the taxes relate to, is also immaterial).

Deductions under Section 24

Two deductions will be allowed from the net annual value (which is gross annual value less municipal taxes) to arrive at the taxable income under the head ‘income from house property’. It has to be borne in mind that the deductions mentioned here (section 24) are exhaustive and no other deductions are allowed.

The deductions admissible are as under:

Standard deduction:

30 per cent of the net annual value will be allowed as a deduction towards repairs and collection of rent for the property, irrespective of the actual expenditure incurred.

Interest on borrowed capital:

The interest on borrowed capital will be allowable as a deduction on an accrual basis if the money has been borrowed to buy or construct the house. Amount of interest payable for the relevant year should be calculated and claimed as deduction. It is immaterial whether the interest has actually been paid during the year or not. However, there should be a clear link between the borrowal and the construction/purchase etc., of the property. If money is borrowed for some other purpose, interest payable thereon cannot be claimed as deduction.

The following points are to be kept in mind while claiming deduction on account of interest on borrowed capital:

 In case the property is let out, the entire amount of interest accrued during the year is deductible. The borrowals may be for construction/acquisition or repairs/renewals.
  • A fresh loan may be raised exclusively to repay the original loan taken for purchase/ construction etc., of the property. In such a case also, the interest on the fresh loan will be allowable.
  • Interest payable on interest will not be allowed.
  • Brokerage or commission paid to arrange a loan for house construction will not be allowed.
  • When interest is payable outside India, no deduction will be allowed unless tax is deducted at source or someone in India is treated as agent of the non-resident.

Interest attributable to period prior to construction/acquisition

Money may be borrowed prior to the acquisition or construction of the property. In such a case, the period commencing from the date of borrowing and ending on the date of repayment of loan or on March 31 immediately preceding the date of acquisition or completion of construction, whichever is earlier, is termed as the
Pre-construction period. The interest paid/payable for the pre-construction period is to be aggregated and claimed as deduction in five equal installments during five successive financial years starting with the year in which the acquisition or construction is completed. This deduction is not allowed if the loan is utilized for repairs, renewal or reconstruction.

Computation of Income from Self – Occupied House Property

The annual value of one self-occupied house property, which has not been actually let out at any time during the previous year, is taken as ‘Nil’ [Section 23(2) (a)].

From the annual value, only the interest on borrowed capital is allowed as a deduction under section 24. The amount of deduction will be:

ĺ Either the actual amount accrued or Rs.30,000/- whichever is less.
ĺ When borrowal of money or acquisition of the property is after 31.3.1999 - deduction is Rs.1, 50,000/- applicable to A.Y 2002-03 and onwards. However, if the borrowal is for repairs, renewals or reconstruction, the deduction is restricted to Rs.30, 000. If the borrowal is for construction/acquisition, higher deduction as noted above is available.

Special Case of Deemed Let out Property

If a person owns more than one house property, using all of them for self occupation, he is entitled to exercise an option in terms of which, the annual value of one house property as specified by him will be taken at Nil. The other self occupied house property/is will be deemed to be let out and their annual value will be determined on notional basis as if they had been let out.

Loss from house property (Section 71B applicable from A.Y. 1999-2000)

If the aggregate amount of permissible deductions exceeds the annual value of the house property, there will be a loss from that property. So far as income from a self-occupied property is concerned, and in respect of a property away from the workplace [Section 23(2) (b)], the annual value is taken at nil and no other deductions are allowed except for interest on borrowed capital upto a maximum of Rs.30,000 or Rs.1,50,000. In such cases, there may be a loss upto a maximum of Rs.30, 000 or Rs.1, 50,000, as the case may be. However, in respect of a let out house property, there are no restrictions on deductions and therefore, there can be loss of any amount under this head.

The loss from one house property can be set off against the income from another house property. The remaining loss, if any, can be set off against incomes under any other head. In case the loss does not get wiped out completely, the balance will be carried forward to the next assessment year to be set off against the income from house property of that year. However, such carry forward is restricted to eight assessment years only.

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« on: July 24, 2012, 09:55:56 PM »

Offline TechShristi

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« Reply #1 on: July 24, 2012, 09:55:56 PM »
Hello admin123,  July 24, 2012, 9:55 pm

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« Reply #1 on: July 24, 2012, 09:55:56 PM »

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