Step 1: Know Yourself
When doing the research on yourself, identifying your experience and skills is important, but it is not all that you need to know. Consider the answers to other questions such as:
• How have I demonstrated the skills required in this position?
• What are my strong points and weak points?
• What are my short term and long term goals?
• What can I offer this particular employer?
• What kind of environment do I like? (i.e. How do I like to be supervised? Do I like a fast pace?)
• What do I like doing?
• Apart from my skills and experience, what can I bring to this job? Step 2: Know the Occupation
The second step in preparing for an interview is to research the occupation. This is necessary because in order to present a convincing argument that you have the experience and skills required for that occupation, you must first know what those requirements and duties are. With this information uncovered, you can then match the skills you have (using the complete skills/experience inventory you have just prepared) with the skills you know people in that occupational field need. The resulting "shortlist" will be the one that you need to emphasize during the interview. Step 3: Know the Organization
The more you know about an organization, the better prepared you will be to discuss how you can meet its needs. Some of the characteristics that you should know about an organization are:
• Where is it located?
• How big is it?
• What are its products and who does it serve?
• How is the organization structured?
• What is its history?
• Have there been any recent changes, new developments Step 4: Prepare Questions
Having completed your background research, you are now ready to prepare questions to ask the interviewer(s). Try to think of questions for which the answer was not readily available in company literature. Intelligent well thought-out questions will demonstrate your genuine interest in the position. Be careful how many questions you ask, however, as too many can imply you feel the interview was Not successfully run. Pick your questions with care - this is your chance to gather information, so ask about what you really want to know. Avoid sounding critical by mentioning negative information you may have discovered. TEN THINGS THAT AN INTERVIEWER LOOKS IN YOU!
1. Family Background
6. General Ability
7. Interpersonal Skills
10. Pleasant Looks
Review your resume:
Your resume is the first interface you have with your employer
Follow These Basic Standards....
• Don't overcrowd your resume; allow for plenty of white space.
• Keep your resume to one page whenever possible.
• Keep the number of fonts you use to a minimum -- two at the most.
• Use a font that is easy to read. Times Roman works well.
• Do not justify the lines of type on your resume. Allow the right side of the page to "rag."
• Do not overuse capitalization, italics, underlines, or other emphasizing features.
• Make sure your name, address, and a phone number appear on your resume and all correspondence, preferably at the top of the page.
• Print your resume on white or cream paper using a good-quality printer.
• Second- and third-generation photocopies must be avoided
• Print on one side of the paper only.
In most instances it is not necessary to include names and address of references on the resume. If you include a reference, make it sure that the referenced person knows very well about you. It is also advisable to add the persons as references, whom the employer can contact easily. . If possible add the phone number and e-mail ID of the reference.
Way of Answering:Tips
• Smile and maintain eye contact. This is one way of communicating confidence, even if you don't Feel it.
• If the interviewer offers his or her hand, shake it firmly. If they don't, it is appropriate to offer yours.
• Wait until the interviewer sits or offers you a seat before sitting down.
• If the interviewer is making small talk, participate. Keep your answers short and positive.
• When you answer a question, look the interviewer in the eye.
• Be aware of the interviewer's reactions. If he or she looks confused, ask if you can clarify anything.
• Be aware of what your body is saying. Avoid closed postures. Sit upright, but not stiffly.
• Try to find a comfortable position as that will make you feel more relaxed.
• Control your nervous habits. Don't swing your foot, talk with your hands (to an extreme), or fiddle with jewelers, buttons, pens, etc.
• Show that you are interested in the job by asking questions.
• Try not to appear bored or anxious. Don't look at your watch.
Closing the Interview:
When the interviewer is done gathering the information that is needed, he or she will ask if you have anything to add, or if you have any questions. This is your opportunity to mentally review your inventory of skills and make sure that you have communicated everything that you wanted to. If any of your questions have not been addressed during the course of the interview, now is the time to ask them. Tips:
• Thank the interviewer for his/her time and consideration.
• Ask when you can expect to hear from him/her.
• If it is not known when a decision will be reached, ask if you can phone in a week's time to inquire about the progress.
• If the interviewer offers his/her hand, shake it firmly. Otherwise, it is fine to offer yours first.
If not already discussed, you can offer to leave a sample of your work, or portfolio if you have one