"Hackers" are identified as a specific subgroup of computer workers. The explicit and implicit ideologies expressed through hacking is analyzed and presented. Computer artifacts of origin both inside and outside the hacker community are compared and the embedded properties of the resulting artifacts are inferred. Hacking is discussed in the context of being a method for system development. Finally, it is argued that this system development method under certain circumstances may yield superior software artifacts.
"Hackers" are identified as software developers sharing a specific work practice. The process of hacking and the characteristics of the resulting artifacts are discussed. Some research questions following from these findings are posed.
This essay examines the starkly conflicting images of technology from ancient times up to the present day. It discusses the popular image of computer technology as a tool, and how this relates to instrumental rationalism. Finally it proposes a group of alternative responses to the challenges of modern computer technology.